Theme Leader :
Yoshinori Fujiwara, M.D., Ph.D.
Hiroyuki Suzuki, Ph.D., Kumiko Nonaka, Ph.D., Ryota Sakurai, PT, PhD.
Adjunct Researcher :
Susumu Ogawa, Ph.D., Motoki Tanaka, Ph.D., Tomoya Takahashi, Ph.D., Sachiko Murayama, M.A., Hiroko Matsunaga, Ph.D., Ai Iizuka, MD, Toyo Ashida, Ph.D., Masami Hasebe, Ph.D., Hiroshi Murayama, Ph.D., R.N., P.H.N.
Social participation, Productivity, Intergenerational exchange, Multi-generational co-creation, Social isolation, Social capital
1. A nationwide longitudinal study has been conducted in collaboration with the University of Michigan, the University of Tokyo, and others since 1987, targeting the elderly across the country (random sampling). The 8th wave survey was conducted in 2012 in which a new sample aged 60-92 was added. We will continue to clarify the determinants and consequences of social participation in later life and how they change by cohort and age.
2. An intergenerational school volunteer project "REPRINTS" has been developed since 2004 to evaluate the long-term and multi-faceted effects of both organizational and individual volunteer levels. Furthermore, we conducted a randomized controlled trial to develop a cognitively stimulating program consisting in learning story-telling by applying components of "REPRINTS".
3. We launched an observational study "ESSENCE" to demonstrate the effects of a comprehensive employment support project "Active Senior Employment Support Center" for the elderly's purpose in life. This project keeps track of employment status and the relevant factors of its users.
4. From 2008, the following three studies have been conducted in order to present the multilayered preventive measures of social isolation of community-dwelling elderly.
(1) Longitudinal researches have been conducted to examine the relationship between social isolation and social capital of the elderly living in Wako city, Saitama and Ota city, Tokyo.
(2) We launched 3 intervention programs that aims at creating multigenerational mutual support networks, in Kita city of northern Tokyo and Kawasaki city, a suburb of Tokyo; 1) the Greeting Campaign to develop weak ties among neighbors from different generations, 2) intergenerational exchange programs to develop strong ties among neighbors from different generations, 3) the web-based multi-generational mutual support system to facilitate exchanges of instrumental supports among neighbors. These programs are developed and managed in cooperation with the community council, which is consisted of stakeholders of the communities.
(3) People with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) tend to be socially isolated. To screen MCI, we developed a Japanese version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-J) (http://www.mocatest.org/) . While it is used in clinical practice, we are considering the possibility for regional application.